Image courtesy of Reinhard
Gaedike, German Entomological
|Friedrich Ohaus was a pre-eminent
German entomologist who published over 170 papers on scarabaeoids.
The vast majority of these concerned the taxonomy of Rutelinae.
Because of his voluminous and ground-breaking research on
ruteline taxonomy, he is often referred to as the "Father
of Rutelinae." He wrote the Coleopterorum Catalogus
volume on Rutelinae and developed the modern classification
of the subfamily Rutelinae that (with some modifications)
is still used today.
Ohaus was a student of Edgar von Harold and later a practicing
medical doctor. His medical training allowed him to travel
to South America three times in the capacity of ship's doctor.
While in South America, he collected extensively and made
unprecedented observations on the biology and development
of scarabs. His expeditions were August 1898 - March 1899
(Brazil, especially Petropolis); August 1904 - April 1906
(Ecuador, travelling over the Cordilleras from Rio Villano
to Cururay and Napo to Iquitos and then down the Amazon
to Para, Brazil); and 1926 (Brazil: Såo Paulo, Porto Epitacio,
Itatiya). He was the president (1910, 1914) and editor (1911-1913)
of Deutsche Entomologische Gesellschaft in Berlin. After
WWI and until his death he was a scientific assistant at
the Natural History Museum in Mainz. Most of his collection
now resides in the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin.
Nissen, C. 1952. Dr. Friedrich Ohaus (Mainz 5. xii. 1964
- 22. x. 1946 Mainz) a bibliography of his entomological
papers. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural